China is the world’s most populous country, and one of the earliest ancient civilisations which is quickly becoming the fastest growing economy of the 21st century.
Officially known as the People’s Republic of China, it is the third largest country in the world after Russia and Canada. Its vast land area borders 14 countries, and with almost 700 cities, China is a country of diverse regions and provinces, many of which are important tourist destinations.
As the birthplace of ancient Chinese civilisation dating back 4,000 years, it is no wonder that China is home to over 40 World Heritage sites, from the Great Wall to the imperial palaces of the Ming dynasty and the classical gardens of Suzhou.
In Mandarin, China is referred to as zhong guo, which means ‘Middle Kingdom’. The capital city of Beijing is its central point of administrative and political activities, while Shanghai, its largest city, is the country’s financial and cultural heart.
China is a country of abundant natural resources, diverse climates and a unique people. With a rich history, culture and language, the Chinese can proudly claim to have invented paper, printing, gunpowder and the compass among others.
With a growing population of 1.35 billion, China is today’s fastest growing economy and one of the most dynamic countries of this century. Despite its rapid modernity, China remains a popular tourist destination for those who come to see its historical sites and natural landscapes.