Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. With over 17,000 islands, it is one of the most diverse and cosmopolitan counties in Southeast Asia.
Indonesia, which means the “Indian islands”, stretches for over 5,000km between the continents of Asia and Australia across the Indian and Pacific oceans. It has been described as the ‘ultimate in diversity’, as the country is home to over 200 ethnic groups who speak close to 600 regional languages.
Indonesia is the fourth most populated country in the world after China, India and the USA. Hence, its rich culture is influenced by a mix of indigenous customs, Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and Confucianism. The colouful festivals in Bali, the rolling hills of Bandung, and modern fast-paced cities like Jakarta all add to its diversity.
This multicultural heritage is largely reflected in the country’s culture, art, history and religion – from the traditional wayang kulit (shadow puppet) shows and Islamic architecture in Minangkabau to Javanese moonlight dances and Hindu-influenced Balinese dances.
From densely populated areas to unexplored islands, Indonesia is beautiful, busy, diverse, fascinating and has much to offer. Consisting of five main islands – Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Irian Jaya and Java, beach lovers will love the outlying islands, where there is so much to discover along its coastlines, such as pristine beaches, luxury resorts, spa retreats and a rich marine life.